Legal Dog Breeding in Europe
Legal dog breeding in Europe is possible for individuals, businesses, and organizations with a limited number of animals. An individual does not need a licence to breed dogs unless their activities generate more than the HMRC allowance. However, businesses need a licence regardless of how many litters they produce. In addition, businesses must keep records of all premises and an initial inspection by a vet is required.
A new set of regulations has been made for the breeding of dogs in Europe. Starting 2020, all breeders will be required to be registered under the EU Animal Health Law. The law is part of an effort to combat unethical backstreet breeding of dogs. It also includes a system for assessing genetic diseases and their welfare effects.
Regulations for legal dog breeding in Europe require breeders to comply with their country’s laws and to provide assistance to the public. Breeders must follow strict guidelines to avoid causing pain or physical damage to their dogs. The law also prohibits breeding animals with known genetic disorders, including shortness of breath, abnormal movement, inflammation of the skin, hairlessness, neurological symptoms, and deformities of the skull.
In England, a licence must be obtained and must specify the number of dogs to be bred. In addition, breeders must ensure that they will not sell their puppies. They should also obtain a badge of trade from HMRC. Breeders must comply with these regulations or face prosecution.
The new regulations include a strict DNA test requirement. Breeders must send a sample of their dogs to an ALFA-Europe laboratory. This step is necessary for a dog’s identity verification. During this process, they must use the ALFA-Europe sample submission form. The results of these tests will be used for the production of a certificate of canine identity.
The EU Commission has recently issued a report examining the welfare of dogs and cats involved in commercial practices. According to the report, the EU should take more action to protect the welfare of these companion animals. The study also found that 74% of EU citizens support the European Union to take action on companion animal welfare.
Inspecting the breeding of dogs is a key aspect of responsible pet ownership. Licensed dog breeders must make sure that the dogs they breed are healthy and not suffering from any defects. The licence must also state how many dogs they can keep on the premises. If the premises are overcrowded, the inspector will report the problems to the local authority, police, or suitable animal welfare organization. In addition, the number of dogs each member of staff is allowed to care for must be reasonable.
While the Council of Europe’s Lisbon Treaty aims to improve animal welfare, the European Union has not implemented a comprehensive dog welfare legislation. Each EU member state has its own laws governing the breeding and handling of dogs. These differ considerably, which can pose significant risks to human health and animal welfare. Furthermore, the lack of harmonised legislation can have significant consequences on consumer protection and the functioning of the internal market.
Despite the need for more effective regulations, the EU is struggling to enforce common rules on cat and dog breeding. While the registration requirement for cat breeders is the same across most EU member states, the enforcement of EU animal health law can vary significantly across jurisdictions. In addition, in many countries, it is illegal to sell puppies or kittens that are too young. In some countries, the only way to sell these animals is to buy them directly from breeders. Moreover, the licensing of cat and dog breeders does not guarantee traceability.
Some EU member states also require certified breeders to demonstrate competency and follow strict biosecurity and welfare practices. Other member states prohibit the breeding of animals with hereditary diseases or exaggerated conformation. Most EU member states require registration of dog and cat traders. The criteria for registration differ from country to country, but around half require inspections to ensure compliance.
The illegal pet trade in Europe is a major problem that is often linked to serious organised crime. Puppies are a large part of this trade, which is argued to be the third biggest illegal trade in Europe. It is believed that the COVID-19 regulation is likely to exacerbate this problem, as the COVID-19 standard is a legal requirement for European dog breeding facilities. In a recent report, the Eurogroup for Animals, which organises conferences on animal welfare issues, said that the illegal puppy trade in Europe is controlled by criminal gangs.
The study used a mixed-methods research design to investigate the prevalence of illegal puppy trading in Europe. This included a systematic literature review and five stages of empirical data collection. Although the initial project concentrated on Scotland, additional funding enabled the study to be expanded to other countries in the UK and Europe. For the literature review, the authors reviewed academic and grey literature from the UK, as well as the international community. For empirical data collection, they analysed hundreds of ads from Scotland and conducted expert interviews. This data was complemented by a stakeholder survey involving 53 participants, an online survey of over 400 participants, and forty focus groups across Great Britain.
As the RSPCA inspector Briggs explains, the vast profits generated by criminals are motivating this illegal trade. ‘Handbag’ dogs, which are in high demand, can be purchased in Eastern Europe for PS20 ($29) and sold in the UK for more than £1200 (£1700). In fact, small-scale operators can make thousands of pounds in just one week. For example, one study showed that 53% of pets traded across the Austria-Italian border were not properly accompanied by documentation.
Protocol for dealing with difficult dogs
Germany, Austria and the Netherlands are among the countries where killing dogs is allowed. However, there are specific requirements for when and how this is allowed. These countries require expert opinions before deciding whether or not a particular dog may be bred. For example, if a dog’s behavioural problems cannot be resolved through training, the owner must seek a veterinarian’s opinion.
Enhanced online traceability
Enhanced online traceability for legal dog breeding across Europe is a necessary step to combat organised crime and illegal imports of dogs. The current system is prone to deception, with consumers unable to be sure that a puppy was born in the country in which it was purchased. While passport nationality can be used to prove ownership, it does not guarantee where the puppy came from. Furthermore, the current system does not prevent passport fraud, nor does it enable consumers to trace the puppy back to its breeder.
The illegal dog trade in Europe is a growing business. There is a demand for eight million puppies each year. This trade is worth over one billion euros. This trade negatively impacts public health, consumer rights, and animal welfare. In addition, it can lead to financial costs for EU countries. It can also result in an emotional toll on individuals.
Illegal breeders use online advertising to promote their products. In addition, their products are often contaminated with diseases. In some cases, the puppies are not even vaccinated. Such conditions can lead to serious health problems. As a result, enhancing traceability online is crucial.
In Europe, it is crucial to regulate online dog trade and harmonise EU animal welfare legislation. Currently, EU animal welfare legislation mainly covers transport of dogs in connection with economic activity, not trade in dogs. The lack of harmonisation leads to less effective enforcement mechanisms. The EUROGROUP for Animals says that enhanced online traceability is crucial for responsible commercial practices in Europe.
To address this problem, the European Commission is developing specific rules under the Animal Health Law. These regulations would make it harder for illegal traders to move dogs to and from EU countries. They would also create better regulations for online platforms to ensure consumer safety.